Python in C++: Rerouting Python’s stdout

A few weeks ago I published a post that showed how to embedd Python into C++ and how to exchange data between the two languages. Today, I want to present a simple practice that comes in handy when embedding Python into C++: Rerouting Python’s standard output using CPython.

After initializing Python, the new destination of the output stream needs to be created using PyFile_FromString(…) and set to be the new standard output:

PyObject* pyStdOut = PyFile_FromString("CONOUT$", "w+");
PyObject* sys = PyImport_ImportModule("sys");
PyObject_SetAttrString(sys, "stdout", pyStdOut);

Basically that’s all it needs. When executing Python script via PyRun_String(…), all calls to print(…) will write the data directly to pyStdOut.

Ater the Python script is finished, the data in pyStdOut can be retrieved and further processed with C++ by converting it using PyFile_AsFile(…):

FILE* pythonOutput = PyFile_AsFile(pyStdOut);

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